In the wild peonies are usually pollinated by beetles, but they are also well liked by bees. The flowers close at night and in cloudy weather this is thought to be a protective measure so the delicate stamens will not be damaged by hail and heavy rainfall.

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The young shoots  are often coloured delicate pink, red or purple when they emerge in the spring and the tender leaves that then unfold show colors ranging from bronzes,reds, to various greens. As the plants mature the foliage soon turns to many shades of green depending on the variety. The arrival of the above ground growth coresponds with the time of bloom, early blooming specimines emerge first. Unlike tree peonies both herbaceous and itoh hybrids die to the ground each fall.

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